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What are some important facts about traumatic brain injury?

As the title implies, traumatic brain injury occurs when the brain experiences a sudden trauma. According to the National Institutes of Medicine, TBIs can occur in two ways, both of which are classified by the extent of damage done to the brain: mild, moderate or severe. The first way that a TBI can occur is when a victim's head is struck by some sudden external force. An example of this might be during a car accident when a victim's head smashes violently against the steering wheel.

The second way that a victim can acquire a TBI is after an external object pierces a victim's skull and makes contact with brain tissue. An example of how this type of injury might occur during a slip and fall accident might be when a victim slips on a wet floor and strikes his or her head onto a sharp object.

The effects of TBIs on their victims can be devastating regardless of the manner in which they were acquired. Victims often have difficulty with normal mental functions associated with thinking, remembering things and being able to use reasoning abilities. Victims of TBIs can also sometimes have difficulty understanding things or communicate effectively with others. In the more severe cases of TBIs, victims can experience difficulty being able to sense things. They may lose their vision, their ability to hear or sometimes be unable to taste or smell things.

There are a variety of symptoms associated with TBIs which can sometimes be detected by others. Friends of TBI victims may notice changes in a victim's personality. A TBI victim can sometimes exhibit mood swings, unwarranted aggression or inappropriate behavior. They may also be prone to episodes of depression or anxiety.

Experts say that as many as half of all TBI victims will require surgery to repair ruptured blood vessels or deal with bruised brain tissue. That is why it is so crucial to seek immediate medical treatment for suspected victims of TBIs to prevent further injury.

North Carolina residents who have suffered TBIs as the result of preventable accidents need to know that their medical treatments and rehabilitate therapies can be long-lasting and even permanent in some cases. Those victims may be entitled to recover compensation in connection with those costs. Depending on the circumstances, a personal injury lawsuit may help ensure those victims get the treatment they deserve.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes, "NINDS Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page" Dec. 16, 2014

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