Suffering a catastrophic injury is something that most people try to avoid by practicing safety in everything they do. There are some instances in which even the safest person will get into an accident that leads to a catastrophic injury, such as a brain injury. These injuries can be devastating to the victim and the victim's family. One type of catastrophic injury that might occur in motor vehicle accidents and falls is a brain injury.
The primary cause of a traumatic brain injury is a fall, which accounts for 40.5 percent of all TBIs. Motor vehicle accidents account for 14.3 percent of TBIs.
A brain injury after a fall is likely to require a trip to the doctor or emergency room. Of the cases in which people sought care in the emergency room, around 2.2 million are treated and released, 280,000 must be hospitalized, and 52,000 succumb to their injury.
TBIs are divided into three categories -- mild, moderate, and severe. Most people who suffer a mild TBI will recover. People with a moderate TBI usually have a good prognosis, but might have life-long effects that they must learn to compensate for. People with a severe TBI is usually in an unconscious state or coma that can last days to months.
After suffering a TBI, the victim must follow a strict treatment plan. In some cases, activities that might jolt the head are forbidden. This coupled with the incoming medical bills and other effects of the brain injury can lead to a very stressful life. Some victims might opt to seek compensation to help minimize the financial effects of the injury.
Source: Brain Injury Association of America, "About Brain Injury," accessed Oct. 26, 2015